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Mol Cell. 2010 Jun 25;38(6):803-14. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2010.04.005. Epub 2010 Apr 22.

Diverse pathways generate microRNA-like RNAs and Dicer-independent small interfering RNAs in fungi.

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1
Department of Physiology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.

Abstract

A variety of small RNAs, including the Dicer-dependent miRNAs and the Dicer-independent Piwi-interacting RNAs, associate with Argonaute family proteins to regulate gene expression in diverse cellular processes. These two species of small RNA have not been found in fungi. Here, by analyzing small RNAs associated with the Neurospora Argonaute protein QDE-2, we show that diverse pathways generate miRNA-like small RNAs (milRNAs) and Dicer-independent small interfering RNAs (disiRNAs) in this filamentous fungus. Surprisingly, milRNAs are produced by at least four different mechanisms that use a distinct combination of factors, including Dicers, QDE-2, the exonuclease QIP, and an RNase III domain-containing protein, MRPL3. In contrast, disiRNAs originate from loci producing overlapping sense and antisense transcripts, and do not require the known RNAi components for their production. Taken together, these results uncover several pathways for small RNA production in filamentous fungi, shedding light on the diversity and evolutionary origins of eukaryotic small RNAs.

PMID:
20417140
PMCID:
PMC2902691
DOI:
10.1016/j.molcel.2010.04.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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