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Gastroenterology. 2010 Aug;139(2):574-85. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2010.04.043. Epub 2010 Apr 21.

Loss of single immunoglobulin interlukin-1 receptor-related molecule leads to enhanced colonic polyposis in Apc(min) mice.

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Department of Immunology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.



Commensal bacteria can activate signaling by the Toll-like and interleukin-1 receptors (TLR and IL-1R) to mediate pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases and colitis-associated cancer. We investigated the role of the single immunoglobulin IL-1 receptor-related (SIGIRR) molecule, a negative regulator of TLR and IL-1R signaling, as a tumor suppressor to determine whether SIGIRR controls cell-cycle progression, genetic instability, and colon tumor initiation by modulating commensal TLR signaling in the gastrointestinal tract.


We analyzed adenomatous polyposis coli (Apc)min/+/Sigirr-/- mice for polyps, microadenomas, and anaphase bridge index. Commensal bacteria were depleted from mice with antibiotics. Akt, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), and beta-catenin pathways were examined by immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry. Loss of heterozygosity of Apc and expression of cytokines and proinflammatory mediators were measured by nonquantitative or quantitative polymerase chain reaction.


Apcmin/+/Sigirr-/- mice had increased loss of heterozygosity of Apc and microadenoma formation, resulting in spontaneous colonic polyposis, compared with Apcmin/+/Sigirr+/+ mice. The increased colonic tumorigenesis that occurred in the Apcmin/+/Sigirr-/- mice depended on the presence of commensal bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract. Cell proliferation and chromosomal instability increased in colon crypt cells of the Apcmin/+/Sigirr-/- mice. Akt, mTOR, and their substrates were hyperactivated in colon epithelium of Apcmin/+/Sigirr-/- mice in response to TLR or IL-1R ligands. Inhibition of the mTOR pathway by rapamycin reduced formation of microadenomas and polyps in the Apcmin/+/Sigirr-/- mice.


SIGIRR acts as a tumor suppressor in the colon by inhibiting TLR-induced, mTOR-mediated cell-cycle progression and genetic instability.

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