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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2010 Jun 15;498(2):89-94. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2010 Apr 20.

Regulation of Metnase's TIR binding activity by its binding partner, Pso4.

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Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine, 980 W. Walnut Street, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.


Metnase (also known as SETMAR) is a SET and transposase fusion protein in humans and plays a positive role in double-strand break (DSB) repair. While the SET domain possesses histone lysine methyltransferase activity, the transposase domain is responsible for 5'-terminal inverted repeat (TIR)-specific binding, DNA looping, and DNA cleavage activities. We recently demonstrated that human homolog of Pso4 (hPso4) is a Metnase binding partner that mediates Metnase binding to non-TIR DNA such as DNA damage sites. Here we show that Metnase functions as a dimer in its TIR binding. While both Metnase and hPso4 can independently interact with TIR DNA, Metnase's DNA binding activity is not required for formation of the Metnase-hPso4-DNA complex. A further stoichiometric analysis indicated that only one protein is involved in interaction with dsDNA when Metnase-hPso4 forms a stable complex. Interaction of the Metnase-hPso4 complex with TIR DNA was competitively inhibited by both TIR and non-TIR DNA, suggesting that hPso4 is solely responsible for binding to DNA in the Metnase-hPso4-DNA complex. Together, our study suggests that hPso4, once it forms a complex with Metnase, negatively regulates Metnase's TIR binding activity, which is perhaps necessary for Metnase localization at non-TIR sites such as DSBs.

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