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J Cardiothorac Surg. 2010 Apr 23;5:29. doi: 10.1186/1749-8090-5-29.

Preoperative ejection fraction as a predictor of survival after coronary artery bypass grafting: comparison with a matched general population.

Author information

1
Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, The Netherlands. aasmsn@cze.nl

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Preoperative left ventricular dysfunction is an established risk factor for early and late mortality after revascularization. This retrospective analysis demonstrates the effects of preoperative ejection fraction on the short-term and long-term survival of patients after coronary artery bypass grafting.

METHODS:

Early and late mortality were determined retrospectively in 10 626 consecutive patients who underwent isolated coronary bypass between January 1998 and December 2007. The subjects were divided into 3 groups according to their preoperative ejection fraction. Expected survival was estimated by comparison with a general Dutch population group described in the database of the Dutch Central Bureau for Statistics. For each of our groups with a known preoperative ejection fraction, a general Dutch population group was matched for age, sex, and year of operation.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:

One hundred twenty-two patients were lost to follow-up. In 219 patients, the preoperative ejection fraction could not be retrieved. In the remaining patients (n = 10 285), the results of multivariate logistic regression and Cox regression analysis identified the ejection fraction as a predictor of early and late mortality. When we compared long-term survival and expected survival, we found a relatively poorer outcome in all subjects with an ejection fraction of < 50%. In subjects with a preoperative ejection fraction of > 50%, long-term survival exceeded expected survival.

CONCLUSIONS:

The severity of left ventricular dysfunction was associated with poor survival. Compared with the survival of the matched general population, our coronary bypass patients had a worse outcome only if their preoperative ejection fraction was < 50%.

PMID:
20416050
PMCID:
PMC2873361
DOI:
10.1186/1749-8090-5-29
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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