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Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2010 Sep;32(3):216-22. Epub 2010 Apr 16.

Clinical and biological predictors of Alzheimer's disease in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment.

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1
Department and Institute of Psychiatry, Universidade de São Paulo, SP, Brazil. forlenza@usp.br

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify predictors of the progression from pre-dementia stages of cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease is relevant to clinical management and to substantiate the decision of prescribing antidementia drugs.

METHOD:

Longitudinal study of a cohort of elderly adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment and healthy controls, carried out to estimate the risk and characterize predictors of the progression to Alzheimer's disease.

RESULTS:

Patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment had a higher risk to develop Alzheimer's disease during follow-up (odds ratio = 4.5, CI₉₅(%) [1.3-13.6], p = 0.010). At baseline, older age, lower scores on memory tests and presence of the APOE*4 allele predicted the progression from amnestic mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer's disease. In a sub sample of amnestic mild cognitive impairment patients, those who progressed to Alzheimer's disease had lower cerebrospinal fluid concentrations of amyloid-beta peptide (Aβ₄₂, p = 0.020) and higher concentrations of total TAU (p = 0.030) and phosphorylated TAU (p = 0.010), as compared to non-converters.

DISCUSSION:

This is the first Brazilian study to report cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers in the prediction of the conversion from MCI to Alzheimer's disease. Our data are in accordance with those reported in other settings. The measurement of cerebrospinal fluid total-TAU, phospho-TAU and Aβ₄₂ may help identify patients with mild cognitive impairment at higher risk for developing Alzheimer's disease.

PMID:
20414590
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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