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Am J Pharm Educ. 2010 Mar 10;74(2):25.

A review of remediation programs in pharmacy and other health professions.

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John and Rita Feik School of Pharmacy, University of the Incarnate Word, San Antonio, TX, USA.


The Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) Accreditation Standards and Guidelines 2007 states that colleges and schools of pharmacy must have a remediation policy. Few comparative studies on remediation have been published by colleges and schools of pharmacy, making it challenging to implement effective and validated approaches. Effective remediation policies should include early detection of problems in academic performance, strategies to help students develop better approaches for academic success, and facilitation of self-directed learning. While the cost of remediation can be significant, revenues generated either cover or exceed the cost of delivering the remediation service. Additional research on remediation in pharmacy education across the United States and abroad is needed to make sound decisions in developing effective policies. This paper provides a review of current practices and recommendations for remediation in pharmacy and health care education.


assessment; cost/benefit analysis; learning skills; remediation

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