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J Endocrinol Invest. 2010 Oct;33(9):657-62. doi: 10.3275/6994. Epub 2010 Apr 22.

Neuroendocrine effects of citalopram, a selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor, during lifespan in humans.

Author information

1
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Turin, Corso Dogliotti 14, Turin, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Serotonergic system contributes to the regulation of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis. In humans, serotonergic agonists increase PRL, ACTH, and cortisol, while serotonin (5HT) influence on GH is controversial. Central 5HT activity and neuroendocrine function change during lifespan.

DESIGN:

To clarify the neuroendocrine response to 5HT across lifespan, we assessed ACTH, cortisol, DHEA, PRL, and GH responses to citalopram (CT) in young adults (YA) (no.=12, 29.2±1.7 yr mean±SEM), middle aged (MA) (no.=12, 54.3±0.9 yr), and elderly (ES) (no.=12, 69.3±0.9 yr) males. All the subjects received placebo (saline iv over 120 min) or CT (20 mg iv over 120 min). Blood samples were taken every 15 min up to 240 min.

RESULTS:

During placebo, ACTH, cortisol, GH, and PRL were similar in all groups while DHEA showed an age-dependent reduction from middle age (p<0.001). During CT, ACTH, and cortisol were higher than during placebo in YA (p<0.05) and even more in MA (p<0.01 vs placebo, p<0.05 vs YA); in ES, the increase of both ACTH and cortisol (p<0.05 vs placebo) was lower than in MA (p<0.05) and higher than in YA (p<0.05 for cortisol only). No changes were observed for DHEA, GH, and PRL in any group.

CONCLUSIONS:

Corticotrope response to CT is age-dependent in normal men, being amplified starting from middle age, suggesting precocious changes in the serotonergic neuroendocrine control during lifespan. CT is a useful tool to evaluate the age-dependent serotonergic function in humans.

PMID:
20414043
DOI:
10.1007/BF03346666
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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