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Diabetes. 2010 Jul;59(7):1702-8. doi: 10.2337/db09-1698. Epub 2010 Apr 22.

Beta-cell replication is increased in donor organs from young patients after prolonged life support.

Author information

1
Diabetes Research Center and JDRF Center for Beta Cell Therapyin Diabetes, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgiumin. tveld@vub.ac.be

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study assesses beta-cell replication in human donor organs and examines possible influences of the preterminal clinical conditions.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

beta-Cell replication was quantified in a consecutive series of n = 363 human organ donors using double immunohistochemistry for Ki67 and insulin. Uni- and multivariate analysis was used to correlate replication levels to clinical donor characteristics and histopathologic findings.

RESULTS:

beta-Cell replication was virtually absent in most donors, with < or =0.1% Ki67-positive beta-cells in 72% of donors. A subpopulation of donors, however, showed markedly elevated levels of replication of up to 7.0% Ki67-positive beta-cells. beta-Cell replication was accompanied by the increased replication of glucagon-, somatostatin-, and CA19.9-positive cells. Prolonged life support, kidney dysfunction, relatively young donor age, inflammatory infiltration, and prolonged brain death before organ retrieval were all found to be significantly associated with an increased level (> or =90th percentile) of beta-cell replication, with the first three risk factors being independent predictors. Increased beta-cell replication was most often noted in relatively young donors (< or =25 years) who received prolonged (> or =3 days) life support (68%); in contrast, it was rare in donors with a short duration of life support regardless of age (1%). Prolonged life support was accompanied by increased levels of CD68(+) and LCA/CD45(+) infiltration in the pancreatic parenchyma.

CONCLUSION:

These results indicate that preterminal clinical conditions in (young) organ donors can lead to increased inflammatory infiltration of the pancreas and to increased beta-cell replication.

PMID:
20413508
PMCID:
PMC2889770
DOI:
10.2337/db09-1698
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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