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J Anxiety Disord. 2010 Aug;24(6):553-8. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2010.03.014. Epub 2010 Mar 31.

Ethnic differences in trichotillomania: phenomenology, interference, impairment, and treatment efficacy.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA.


In this Internet study, we explore differences among minority and Caucasian participants in the phenomenology of, interference and impairment related to, and perceived efficacy of treatments for trichotillomania (TTM) symptoms. A demographic difference was found for number of children only. Results indicate that the minority sample was less likely to report pulling from their eyebrows and eyelashes than the Caucasian sample. Minorities were less likely to report increased tension before a pulling episode. Minorities reported high levels of TTM interference with home management but Caucasians reported higher TTM interference with their academic life. Caucasians with TTM reported higher daily stress than their minority counterparts. Although minorities were less likely to utilize treatment, no significant differences were found for treatment improvement. This Internet study sheds important light on differences in TTM symptoms among minorities and Caucasians. The lack of economic and education differences between groups is a strength of this research.

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