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Soc Sci Med. 2010 Jul;71(2):324-334. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.02.027. Epub 2010 Mar 17.

Malaria and primary education in Mali: a longitudinal study in the village of Donéguébougou.

Author information

1
EHESP, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Santé Publique, SHS-Cs, Health Economics, Avenue du Professeur-Leon-Bernard, CS 74312, 35043 Rennes, France. Electronic address: josselinthuilliez@gmail.com.
2
Malaria Research and Training Center, Bamako, Mali.
3
CES, Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, Paris, France.

Abstract

This article assesses the role of malaria and certain social determinants on primary education, especially on educational achievement in Donéguébougou, a small village in a malaria-endemic area near Bamako, Mali. Field data was collected by the authors between November 2007 and June 2008 on 227 schoolchildren living in Donéguébougou. Various malaria indicators and econometric models were used to explain the variation in cognitive abilities, teachers' evaluation scores, school progression and absences. Malaria is the primary cause of school absences. Fixed-effects estimates showed that asymptomatic malaria and the presence of falciparum malaria parasites had a direct correlation with educational achievement and cognitive performance. The evidence suggests that the correlation is causal.

PMID:
20413198
PMCID:
PMC2923336
DOI:
10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.02.027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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