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J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2010 Aug;56(2):156-61. doi: 10.1097/FJC.0b013e3181e2bfcf.

Antithrombotic and anticoagulant profiles of TAK-442, a novel factor Xa inhibitor, in a rabbit model of venous thrombosis.

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  • 1Takeda Global Research & Development Center Inc, Deerfield, IL 60015, USA. mkawamura@tgrd.com

Erratum in

  • J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2010 Oct;56(4):439.

Abstract

The anticoagulant and antithrombotic profiles of TAK-442, a direct factor Xa (FXa) inhibitor, were investigated. TAK-442 showed potent inhibition of human FXa (Ki = 1.8 nM) and high specificity, with a 440-fold greater selectivity than thrombin and negligible effects on trypsin, plasmin, and tissue plasminogen activator (K(i) > 30 microM). [corrected] In human plasma, TAK-442 doubled FXa-induced clotting time, prothrombin time (PT), and activated partial thromboplastin time at 0.19, 0.55, and 0.59 microM, respectively. The relative PT-prolonging potencies of TAK-442, rivaroxaban, and apixaban were 1, 2.0-2.6, and 0.46-1.3, respectively, in 4 different PT reagents. In a rabbit model of venous thrombosis, 50- and 100-micrograms/kg [corrected] TAK-442 (intravenous bolus followed by 1-hour infusion) reduced thrombus formation by 50% and 81%, with plasma anti-FXa activity of 23%-26% and 34%-38%, respectively, and only marginal prolongation of PT and activated partial thromboplastin time. Melagatran, a thrombin inhibitor, showed similar antithrombotic activity to TAK-442. However, 500-micrograms/kg [corrected TAK-442 did not affect bleeding time (BT), whereas the same dose of melagatran significantly prolonged BT by 3.6-fold compared with vehicle control. These findings suggest that TAK-442 has similar antithrombotic effects as melagatran but does not cause BT prolongation, and plasma anti-FXa activity may reliably predict its potency.

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