Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Jun;95(6):2781-9. doi: 10.1210/jc.2009-2272. Epub 2010 Apr 21.

Pasireotide (SOM230) demonstrates efficacy and safety in patients with acromegaly: a randomized, multicenter, phase II trial.

Author information

1
Division of Endocrinology, Medical Center, University of Duisburg-Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, 45122 Essen, Germany. stephan.petersenn@uni-due.de

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Pasireotide (SOM230) is a novel multireceptor ligand somatostatin analog with affinity for somatostatin receptor subtypes sst(1-3) and sst(5). Because most GH-secreting pituitary adenomas express sst(2) and sst(5), pasireotide has the potential to be more effective than the sst(2)-preferential somatostatin analogs octreotide and lanreotide.

OBJECTIVE:

Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of three different doses of pasireotide in patients with acromegaly.

DESIGN:

We conducted a phase II, randomized, multicenter, open-label, three-way, crossover study.

PATIENTS:

Sixty patients with acromegaly, defined by a 2-h five-point mean GH level higher than 5 microg/liter, lack of suppression of GH to less than 1 microg/liter after oral glucose tolerance test, and elevated IGF-I for age- and sex-matched controls. Patients could have had previous surgery, radiotherapy, and/or medical therapy or no previous treatment.

INTERVENTION:

After treatment with octreotide 100 microg s.c. three times daily for 28 d, each patient received pasireotide 200, 400, and 600 microg s.c. twice daily in random order for 28 d.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

A biochemical response was defined as a reduction in GH to no more than 2.5 microg/liter and normalization of IGF-I to age- and sex-matched controls.

RESULTS:

After 4 wk of octreotide, 9% of patients achieved a biochemical response. After 4 wk of pasireotide 200-600 microg s.c. bid, 19% of patients achieved a biochemical response, which increased to 27% after 3 months of pasireotide; 39% of patients had a more than 20% reduction in pituitary tumor volume. Pasireotide was generally well tolerated.

CONCLUSIONS:

Pasireotide is a promising treatment for acromegaly. Larger studies of longer duration evaluating the efficacy and safety of pasireotide in patients with acromegaly are ongoing.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00088582.

PMID:
20410233
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2009-2272
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center