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Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2010 Jul;151(1):62-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2010.02.047. Epub 2010 Apr 21.

Adenomyosis has no adverse effects on IVF/ICSI outcomes in women with endometriosis treated with long-term pituitary down-regulation before IVF/ICSI.

Author information

1
Department of Reproductive Medicine, Endometriosis Center VUmc, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081 HVAmsterdam, The Netherlands. mijatovic@vumc.nl

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To establish the effect of adenomyosis on IVF/ICSI outcomes in infertile patients with endometriosis who were pretreated with long-term (>/=3 months) GnRH-agonist prior to IVF/ICSI.

STUDY DESIGN:

Retrospective study in 74 infertile patients with surgically proven endometriosis who were treated with IVF/ICSI between January 2002 and March 2007. The diagnosis of adenomyosis was based on transvaginal ultrasound criteria. All patients were pretreated with long-term (>or=3 months) GnRH-agonist prior to IVF/ICSI.

RESULTS:

90.4% of the patients were diagnosed with endometriosis rASRM stages III-IV. Adenomyosis was demonstrated in 27% of them and was predominantly located in the posterior wall of the uterus. The following IVF/ICSI outcomes were found: a mean duration of GnRH-agonist use prior to IVF/ICSI of 5.35 months (3-26); a mean dosage of FSH used of 208IU (75-450); the mean number of oocytes retrieved was 8.73 (1-30); the mean number of embryos obtained was 3.86 (0-16); the mean number of embryos transferred was 1.6; a mean fertilization rate of 43.6%; a mean implantation rate of 26.3%; a mean miscarriage rate of 24.3%; and a clinical pregnancy rate (fetal heart activity on ultrasound beyond 12 weeks of gestation) of 31.7%. No significant differences were found for any of the IVF/ICSI outcomes between women with and without adenomyosis.

CONCLUSIONS:

Adenomyosis had no adverse effects on IVF/ICSI outcomes in infertile women with proven endometriosis who were pretreated with long-term GnRH-agonist.

PMID:
20409633
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejogrb.2010.02.047
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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