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Int J Paediatr Dent. 2010 May;20(3):179-85. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-263X.2010.01039.x.

Salivary bacteria and oral health status in children with disabilities fed through gastrostomy.

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1
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Hebrew University, Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study examined caries level, amount of calculus, and oral microbial environment in gastrostomy tube (GT)-fed children compared with healthy children and children with disabilities orally fed (PO).

STUDY DESIGN:

The study group consisted of 12 GT-fed children and the two control groups consisted of 16 children with disabilities orally fed and 17 healthy children. DMF-T/dmf-t index, calculus index, Mutans Streptococci (MS), Lactobacilli (LB) levels and salivary buffer capacity were examined.

RESULTS:

DMF-T/dmf-t index was significantly lower in the tube-fed group. Calculus index was highest in the tube-fed group. MS and LB levels were the lowest in the tube-fed children. Correlation was found between MS and DMF-T/dmf-t.

CONCLUSIONS:

Tube-fed children demonstrated significantly higher calculus levels and less caries, MS, and LB levels then healthy children or children with disabilities eating PO.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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