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Int J Paediatr Dent. 2010 May;20(3):165-72. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-263X.2010.01037.x.

Oral health in pre-school children with asthma--followed from 3 to 6 years.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden. malin.stensson@hhj.hj.se

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to investigate caries and its determinants in preschool children with and without asthma, followed from 3 to 6 years.

METHODS AND SUBJECTS:

Caries, plaque, and gingivitis were examined at 3 and 6 years of age in 64 asthmatic children and 50 matched, healthy control children. Furthermore, at 6 years radiographic examination and saliva sampling were conducted. The parents were interviewed about various oral health-related factors.

RESULTS:

Initial caries increment between 3 and 6 years of age was statistically significant higher for children with asthma compared with children without asthma (P < 0.05). Asthmatic children had more bleeding gingivitis and a higher consumption of sugary drinks than healthy children at 3 years of age (P < 0.05). At both 3 and 6 years of age, the asthmatic children were more frequently mouth breathers than healthy children, only statistically significant for 6-year olds (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Preschool children with asthma at 3 years of age run a higher risk of developing caries lesions until 6 years of age compared with children without asthma. Children with asthma have a higher prevalence of bleeding gingivitis, a higher intake of sugary drinks and are more frequently mouth breathers than preschool children without asthma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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