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Biotechnol Appl Biochem. 2010 May 14;56(1):7-15. doi: 10.1042/BA20100042.

Biosynthesis and recovery of selenium nanoparticles and the effects on matrix metalloproteinase-2 expression.

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Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology and Biotechnology Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


Today, green synthesis of nanoparticles is attracting increasing attention. In the present study, the Bacillus sp. MSh-1 was isolated from the Caspian Sea (located in the northern part of Iran) and identified by various identification tests and 16S ribosomal DNA analysis. The reduction time course study of selenium ion (Se(4+)) reduction by using this test strain was performed in a liquid culture broth. Then, the intracellular NPs (nanoparticles) were released by the liquid nitrogen disruption method and thoroughly purified using an n-octyl alcohol water extraction system. Characterization of the separated NPs on features such as particle shape, size and purity was carried out with different devices. The energy dispersive X-ray and X-ray diffraction patterns showed that the purified NPs consisted of only selenium and are amorphous respectively. In addition, the transmission electron micrograph showed that the separated NPs were spherical and 80-220 nm in size. Furthermore, the cytotoxicity effect of these extracted biogenic selenium (Se) NPs on the fibrosarcoma cell line (HT-1080) proliferation and the inhibitory effect of the Se NPs on MMP-2 (matrix metalloproteinase-2) expression were studied using the MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide] assay and gelatin zymography. Biogenic Se NPs showed a moderately inhibitory effect on MMP-2 expression.

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