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Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2010 Jun;11(9):1467-78. doi: 10.1517/14656566.2010.482100.

Pharmacotherapy of neuroblastoma.

Author information

1
Dana-Faber Cancer Institute, Department of Pediatric Oncology, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD:

Neuroblastoma, a tumor of the sympathetic nervous system, is the most common extracranial solid tumor of early life. High risk disease in older children remains a therapeutic challenge, despite high-intensity therapy with correspondingly significant short- and long-term toxicities.

AREAS COVERED IN THIS REVIEW:

We have reviewed therapy for neuroblastoma over the last three decades. This includes cytotoxic chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radionuclides, antiangiogenic compounds, and molecularly targeted agents. We provide a perspective on the incorporation of these drugs into therapy for neuroblastoma.

WHAT THE READER WILL GAIN:

The reader will gain a better understanding of these novel agents and their targets in neuroblastoma. The reader will also gain insight into the need to define through sequential, carefully designed clinical trials, the roles and toxicities of these therapies, especially if the combination of targeted and conventional cytotoxic agents is used.

TAKE HOME MESSAGE:

Advanced-stage neuroblastoma in older infants and children remains a disease that is difficult to cure. New, targeted agents may improve both the therapeutic index and the outcome, but are, for the most part, in early development and present a challenge for clinical trial design given both the rarity of this disease and its responsiveness (albeit incomplete) to currently used cytotoxic agents.

PMID:
20408767
DOI:
10.1517/14656566.2010.482100
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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