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J Med Chem. 2010 May 27;53(10):3954-63. doi: 10.1021/jm901785w.

Novel N2-substituted pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine adenosine A3 receptor antagonists: inhibition of A3-mediated human glioblastoma cell proliferation.

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Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Università di Pisa, Pisa, Italy.


Adenosine induces glioma cell proliferation by means of an antiapoptotic effect, which is blocked by cotreatment with selective A(3) AR antagonists. In this study, a novel series of N(2)-substituted pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidines 2a-u was developed as highly potent and selective A(3) AR antagonists. The most performing compounds were derivatives 2a (R(1) = CH(3) and R(2) = COC(6)H(5); K(i) 334, 728, and 0.60 nM at the human A(1), A(2A), and A(3) ARs, respectively) and 2b (R(1) = CH(3) and R(2) = COC(6)H(4)-4-OCH(3); K(i) 1037, 3179, and 0.18 nM at the human A(1), A(2A), and A(3) ARs, respectively), which counteracted the effect of the A(3) AR agonists Cl-IB-MECA and IB-MECA on human glioma U87MG cell proliferation. This effect was concentration-dependent, with IC(50) values comparable to A(3) AR binding affinity values of 2a and 2b, thereby suggesting that their effects were receptor-mediated. Furthermore, the antiproliferative activity of the new compounds was demonstrated to be mediated by the block of A(3) AR agonist activation of intracellular kinases ERK 1/2.

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