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Kidney Int. 2010 Jul;78(2):182-90. doi: 10.1038/ki.2010.100. Epub 2010 Apr 21.

Cytochrome-P450 2B1 gene silencing attenuates puromycin aminonucleoside-induced cytotoxicity in glomerular epithelial cells.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi 39216, USA.


Previously, we demonstrated that cytochrome P450 2B1 (CYP2B1) can generate reactive oxygen species in puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN)-induced nephrotic syndrome, an animal model of minimal-change disease in humans. In this study we found that overexpression of CYP2B1 in rat glomerular epithelial cells in vitro significantly increased PAN-induced reactive oxygen species generation, cytotoxicity, cell death, and collapse of the actin cytoskeleton. All of these pathological changes were markedly attenuated by siRNA-induced CYP2B1 silencing. The cellular CYP2B1 protein content was significantly decreased whereas its mRNA level was markedly increased, suggesting regulation by protein degradation rather than transcriptional inhibition in the PAN-treated glomerular epithelial cells. This degradation of CYP2B1 was accompanied by the induction of heme oxygenase-1, an important indicator of heme-induced oxidative stress. In PAN-treated CYP2B1-silenced glomerular epithelial cells the induction of heme oxygenase-1 and caspase-3 activity were significantly decreased. Further, cleavage of the stress-induced pro-apoptotic endoplasmic reticulum-specific pro-caspase-12 was prevented in the silenced cells. Our results support a pivotal role of CYP2B1 for reactive oxygen species production in the endoplasmic reticulum in PAN-induced cytotoxicity.

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