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J Lipid Res. 2010 Aug;51(8):2362-71. doi: 10.1194/jlr.M006973. Epub 2010 Apr 19.

Scavenger receptor-B1 and luteal function in mice.

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1
Centre de Recherche en Reproduction Animale, Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Abstract

During luteinization, circulating high-density lipoproteins supply cholesterol to ovarian cells via the scavenger receptor-B1 (SCARB1). In the mouse, SCARB1 is expressed in cytoplasm and periphery of theca, granulosa, and cumulus cells of developing follicles and increases dramatically during formation of corpora lutea. Blockade of ovulation in mice with meloxicam, a prostaglandin synthase-2 inhibitor, resulted in follicles with oocytes entrapped in unexpanded cumulus complexes and with granulosa cells with luteinized morphology and expressing SCARB1 characteristic of luteinization. Mice bearing null mutation of the Scarb1 gene (SCARB1(-/-)) had ovaries with small corpora lutea, large follicles with hypertrophied theca cells, and follicular cysts with blood-filled cavities. Plasma progesterone concentrations were decreased 50% in mice with Scarb1 gene disruption. When SCARB1(-/-) mice were treated with a combination of mevinolin [an inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase (HMGR)] and chloroquine (an inhibitor of lysosomal processing of low-density lipoproteins), serum progesterone was further reduced. HMGR protein expression increased in SCARB1(-/-) mice, independent of treatment. It was concluded that theca, granulosa, and cumulus cells express SCARB1 during follicle development, but maximum expression depends on luteinization. Knockout of SCARB1(-/-) leads to ovarian pathology and suboptimal luteal steroidogenesis. Therefore, SCARB1 expression is essential for maintaining normal ovarian cholesterol homeostasis and luteal steroid synthesis.

PMID:
20404351
PMCID:
PMC2903804
DOI:
10.1194/jlr.M006973
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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