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Dev Biol. 1991 Jun;145(2):205-18.

Differential localization of TGF-beta 2 in mouse preimplantation and early postimplantation development.

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Hubrecht Laboratory, The Netherlands Institute for Developmental Biology, Utrecht.


The localization of transforming growth factor type beta 2 (TGF-beta 2) has been followed during preimplantation and early postimplantation murine development using an anti-peptide antibody that specifically recognizes TGF-beta 2. The staining pattern showed that TGF-beta 2 is expressed from the four-cell stage onward and is differentially regulated as cells diverge to various lineages. High levels of staining were found in the trophectoderm of the blastocyst but no staining was observed in the inner cell mass. During postimplantation development the primitive and embryonic ectoderm also lacked detectable staining while visceral endoderm stained well. Parietal endoderm cells also showed positive staining reaction although to a lesser extent than visceral endoderm cells. These findings were confirmed in model systems of the embryo, namely, embryonal carcinoma and embryonic stem cells differentiated to to cells with either visceral or parietal endoderm characteristics. The possible regulatory role of this factor in early embryogenesis is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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