Send to

Choose Destination
Transl Res. 2010 May;155(5):211-6. doi: 10.1016/j.trsl.2010.01.003. Epub 2010 Feb 12.

New type of human blood stem cell: a double-edged sword for the treatment of type 1 diabetes.

Author information

Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.


Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease caused by an autoimmune destruction of pancreatic islet insulin-producing cells. Autoimmunity and shortage of insulin-producing cells are 2 key issues for the treatment of T1D. To cure T1D in a comprehensive manner, both issues need to be addressed simultaneously. Not only must the islet cells be replaced, the patient's immune system also must be dealt with. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a crucial role in maintaining homeostasis and self-tolerance through their inhibitory impacts on autoreactive effector T cells. We identified a novel type of stem cells from human umbilical cord blood, designated cord blood stem cells (CB-SC), which may be able to address immune modulation of the autoimmune process and allow for beta-cell replacement. We are the first group using CB-SC to correct functional defects of CD4(+)CD62L(+) Tregs, leading to a reversal of overt diabetes in an autoimmune-caused diabetic NOD mouse model. Notably, treatment with CB-SC-modulated CD4(+)CD62L(+) Tregs (mCD4CD62L Tregs) simultaneously can overcome the autoimmunity via systemic and local immune modulations and the shortage of insulin-producing cells via stimulating the beta-cell regeneration. These new stem cells will offer a promising avenue for the development of powerful autologous therapeutic products for prevention and reversal of T1D.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center