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Aust Vet J. 2010 Mar;88(3):84-92. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-0813.2009.00529.x.

Effects of increasing days of exposure to prepartum transition diets on reproduction and health in dairy cows.

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  • 1Veterinary Clinical Studies, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Erratum in

  • Aust Vet J. 2010 May;88(5):189.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effect of the number of days exposure to a prepartum transition diet on reproduction and health in dairy cows.

DESIGN:

A prospective cohort study.

PROCEDURES:

We enrolled 1008 dairy cows from three herds to examine the effects on reproduction and health of increased days exposure to prepartum transition diets that included ryegrass pasture, ryegrass silage, cereal hay, grain, by-products, oilseed meals, BioChlor, rumen modifiers, minerals and vitamins. Diets provided 9.9 MJ metabolisable energy per kg dry matter (DM), a metabolisable protein balance of 286 g/day and a dietary cation anion difference of -150 meq/kg DM. Statistical models controlled for herd, calving day, age and gestation period.

RESULTS:

In two of the three herds increased days exposure to prepartum transition diets increased the hazards of submission for breeding, conception and clinical mastitis, and decreased the hazard of cow removal. The odds of pregnancy by 6 and 21 weeks after the mating start date tended to increase with increasing days of exposure to prepartum transition diets.

CONCLUSIONS:

Increasing exposure to a prepartum transition diet improved the calving to conception interval, tended to improve the odds of pregnancy and reduced the risk of culling of cattle, but increased the hazard of clinical mastitis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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