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Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2010 Mar;6(2):257-68.

Challenges of treating asthma in people who smoke.

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Respiratory Medicine Section, Division of Immunology, Infection and Inflammation, Gartnavel General Hospital & University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 OYN, UK.


Cigarette smoking is common in asthma and is associated with poor symptom control and a reduced therapeutic response to inhaled and oral corticosteroids as compared with nonsmokers with asthma. This review examines the range of adverse health effects of smoking in asthma, the inflammatory mechanisms that may influence the efficacy of current drugs and discusses potential future therapeutic directions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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