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Adv Cancer Res. 2010;106:1-51. doi: 10.1016/S0065-230X(10)06001-X.

Update on human polyomaviruses and cancer.

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Cancer Virology Program, Hillman Cancer Research Pavilion, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.


Over 50 years of polyomavirus research has produced a wealth of insights into not only general biologic processes in mammalian cells, but also, how conditions can be altered and signaling systems tweaked to produce transformation phenotypes. In the past few years three new members (KIV, WUV, and MCV) have joined two previously known (JCV and BKV) human polyomaviruses. In this review, we present updated information on general virologic features of these polyomaviruses in their natural host, concentrating on the association of MCV with human Merkel cell carcinoma. We further present a discussion on advances made in SV40 as the prototypic model, which has and will continue to inform our understanding about viruses and cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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