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Gastroenterology. 2010 Jul;139(1):112-9. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2010.04.007. Epub 2010 Apr 13.

Detection of celiac disease and lymphocytic enteropathy by parallel serology and histopathology in a population-based study.

Author information

1
Department of Histopathology, Faculty of Medicine, St. Mary's Campus, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom. mm.walker@imperial.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Although serologic analysis is used in diagnosis of celiac disease, histopathology is considered most reliable. We performed a prospective study to determine the clinical, pathologic, and serologic spectrum of celiac disease in a general population (Kalixanda study).

METHODS:

A random sample of an adult general population (n = 1000) was analyzed by upper endoscopy, duodenal biopsy, and serologic analysis of tissue transglutaminase (tTg) levels; endomysial antibody (EMA) levels were analyzed in samples that were tTg+. The cut off values for diagnosis of celiac disease were villous atrophy with 40 intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs)/100 enterocytes (ECs).

RESULTS:

Samples from 33 subjects were tTg+, and 16 were EMA+. Histologic analysis identified 7 of 1000 subjects (0.7%) with celiac disease; all were tTg+, and 6 of 7 were EMA+. Another 26 subjects were tTg+ (7/26 EMA+). This was addressed by a second quantitative pathology study (nested case control design) using a threshold of 25 IELS/100 ECs. In this analysis, all 13 samples that were tTg+ and EMA+ had > or =25 IELs/100 ECs. In total, 16 subjects (1.6%) had serologic and histologic evidence of gluten-sensitive enteropathy. IELs were quantified in duodenal biopsy samples from seronegative individuals (n = 500); 19 (3.8%) had >25 IELs and lymphocytic duodenosis.

CONCLUSIONS:

Measurement of > or =25 IELs/100 ECs correlated with serologic indicators of celiac disease; a higher IEL threshold could miss 50% of cases. Quantification of tTg is a sensitive test for celiac disease; diagnosis can be confirmed by observation of > or =25 IELs/100ECs in duodenal biopsy specimens. Lymphocytic enteropathy (celiac disease and lymphocytic duodenosis) is common in the population (5.4%).

PMID:
20398668
PMCID:
PMC2902605
DOI:
10.1053/j.gastro.2010.04.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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