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Genes Cells. 2010 May;15(5):513-24. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2443.2010.01398.x. Epub 2010 Apr 14.

Tyrosine phosphorylation of R3 subtype receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatases and their complex formations with Grb2 or Fyn.

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1
Laboratory of Biosignal Sciences, Institute for Molecular and Cellular Regulation, Gunma University, 3-39-15 Showa-Machi, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8512, Japan.

Abstract

Post-translational modification of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) is implicated in functional modulation of these enzymes. Stomach cancer-associated protein tyrosine phosphatase-1 (SAP-1), as well as protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type O (PTPRO) and vascular endothelial-protein tyrosine phosphatase (VE-PTP) are receptor-type PTPs (RPTPs), which belong to the R3 subtype RPTP family. Here, we have shown that the carboxyl (COOH)-terminal region of SAP-1 undergoes tyrosine phosphorylation by the treatment with a PTP inhibitor. Src family kinases are important for the tyrosine phosphorylation of SAP-1. Either Grb2 or Fyn, through their Src homology-2 domains, bound to the tyrosine-phosphorylated SAP-1. Moreover, both PTPRO and VE-PTP underwent tyrosine phosphorylation in their COOH-terminal regions. Tyrosine phosphorylation of VE-PTP or PTPRO also promoted their complex formations with Grb2 or Fyn. Forced expression of SAP-1, PTPRO or VE-PTP promoted cell spreading and lamellipodium formation of fibroblasts that expressed an activated form of Ras. In contrast, such effects of non-tyrosine-phosphorylated forms of these RPTPs were markedly smaller than those of wild-type RPTPs. Our results thus suggest that tyrosine phosphorylation of R3 subtype RPTPs promotes their complex formations with Grb2 or Fyn and thus participates in the regulation of cell morphology.

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