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Am J Clin Pathol. 2010 May;133(5):809-14. doi: 10.1309/AJCP0NWA1DBDZIOY.

Lipid-rich variant of appendiceal well-differentiated endocrine tumor (carcinoid).

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Servizio di Anatomia Patologica, Ospedale di Circolo, Viale Borri 57, 21100 Varese, Italy.


Well-differentiated endocrine tumors (WDETs) of the appendix show characteristic morphologic features, including proliferation of cells with finely granulated eosinophilic cytoplasm. However, clear cell WDETs, which can present a diagnostic challenge, have been occasionally described, but it is unknown whether they represent a morphologic variant with distinct clinicopathologic features. Moreover, the clear cell appearance of the cytoplasm has never been explained. We studied 13 appendiceal WDETs composed of clear cells, which showed an immunophenotype identical to that of conventional appendiceal WDETs. Ultrastructural examination demonstrated abundant lipid accumulation. Patient survival was excellent and equal to that of conventional appendiceal WDETs. These neoplasms, which represent a lipid-rich variant of appendiceal WDETs, do not have different relevant clinical implications compared with conventional WDETs, but it is important to know of their existence for the differential diagnosis with more aggressive neoplasms, including goblet cell carcinoids and appendiceal metastases from clear cell carcinomas.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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