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BJOG. 2010 Jun;117(7):879-84. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2010.02552.x. Epub 2010 Apr 12.

Progestogen treatment options for early endometrial cancer.

Author information

1
Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, Vic., Australia. tomcade@gmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Premenopausal women with early endometrial cancer may wish to maintain their fertility, and for some patients non-surgical treatment options may be attractive. We have examined our own experience with such patients, as there are limited published data so far to support clear guidelines in this area.

DESIGN:

Retrospective analysis of a case series.

SETTING:

Case series from a specialist gynaecological oncology unit in a major tertiary referral hospital.

SAMPLE:

Sixteen patients receiving progestogen therapy for stage-1 endometrial cancer.

METHODS:

We reviewed our experience of all patients receiving progestogen therapy for stage-1 endometrial cancer, and we particularly examined their cancer-free outcome and fertility potential.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Response to treatment, duration of response, and subsequent pregnancies.

RESULTS:

Of the 16 patients investigated, four received an oral progestogen, five received the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (Mirena), and seven received both forms of treatment. Ten patients (63%) responded to treatment, with a median time to response of 5.5 months. Six patients did not respond to treatment, but all were either early in treatment or opted for surgical management before the average time of response. No patient who responded had a later recurrence. The mean total follow-up time was 27 months (range 3-134 months), with no patient deaths. Three patients had successful pregnancies, with one patient having two children.

CONCLUSIONS:

This form of treatment appears to be a realistic treatment option in selected patients in the closely supervised environment of a specialist gynaecological oncology unit.

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