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Clin Ter. 2010;161(1):39-44.

[Diagnostic interpretation of depressive symptoms from a psychodynamic point of view].

[Article in Italian]

Author information

1
Dipartimento di Scienze Psichiatriche e Medicina Psicologica, U.O.D di Psicoterapia, Università di Sapienza, Roma, Italia.

Abstract

AIMS:

The principal aim of this study is: (i) to assess the rate of depressive disorders in a sample of patient in a psychotherapy service of the Department of Psychiatric Sciences and Psychological Medicine at the Sapienza University, Roma; (ii) to focus the psychopathological features of depressive patient through the SCL-90R scale; (iii) to evaluate the correlation between SCL-90R score and categorical diagnosis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The sample of this study includes 178 patients, who came to our service for a psychotherapy. The anamnestic and clinical information were collected for each patient. Each patient is submitted to the multidimensional scale SCL-90R in the curse of the first interview. A descriptive analysis of all the data collected was made and the principal links between SCL-90 R score and categorical diagnosis were detected.

RESULTS:

About 46% of the patients were depressive disorders following the DSM-IVTR diagnostic criteria. About 70% of depressive patients have psychoticism pathological scores, 60% have paranoic pathological scores, 70% anxiety pathological scores and 60% interpersonal sensibility pathological scores. The depressive dimension was pathological in about 77% of anxious patient and in 87% of patient with personality disorders.

CONCLUSIONS:

The DSM.IVTR categorical psychiatric diagnosis might underestimate important psychopathological dimensions which are underline through a dimensional scale as the SCL-90R and through a psychodynamic diagnostic instrument.

PMID:
20393677
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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