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Int J Psychiatry Med. 2009;39(4):417-26.

Relationship between child abuse and adult smoking.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. spratte@musc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

A strong association between a history of child abuse and subsequent psychiatric disorders including substance use has been demonstrated. However, few studies have examined the relationship between child abuse and cigarette smoking in individuals without co-occurring psychiatric disorders. In this study, the relationship between severe childhood abuse and smoking were examined in a group of adults without significant psychopathology.

METHODS:

Participants (N = 57) represent the control group of a larger study of substance dependence. Participants were without major DSM-IV psychopathology, including substance use disorders, major depression, or posttraumatic stress disorder. The Early Trauma Inventory [20] assessed history of exposure to traumatic events prior to age 18.

RESULTS:

The majority of individuals with, as compared to without, a history of severe child abuse (79% vs. 47%, p = .02) were current cigarette smokers. The odds of smoking was four times as high in participants with versus without a severe childhood abuse history (OR = 4.0, p = 0.04).

CONCLUSIONS:

Although preliminary, the findings demonstrate a strong link between early childhood trauma and later adult cigarette smoking among individuals without significant substance use or other psychopathology.

PMID:
20391862
PMCID:
PMC3186351
DOI:
10.2190/PM.39.4.f
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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