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J Neural Transm (Vienna). 2010 Aug;117(8):899-906. doi: 10.1007/s00702-010-0402-y.

Inflammation in neuroviral diseases.

Author information

1
Faculty of Medicine Laennec, Rue Guillaume Paradin, 69372 Lyon, France. pascale.giraudon@inserm.fr

Abstract

During any viral infection of the central nervous system (CNS), the extent and nature of neural cell alterations are dictated by the localization of virus replication and, possibly, persistence. However, one additional source of CNS damage comes from the immune response that develops following CNS viral infection. Indeed, despite of its major role in controlling virus spread in the infected CNS, the immune system is equipped with numerous molecular effectors shared with the nervous system that may greatly alter the homeostasis and function of neural cells. Proinflammatory cytokines and metalloproteases belong to this inflammatory cascade. Besides neurovirulence, the crosstalk engaged between neural and immune cells is a major factor determining the outcome of neuroviral infections.

PMID:
20390431
DOI:
10.1007/s00702-010-0402-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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