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Thromb Haemost. 2010 Jul;104(1):157-64. doi: 10.1160/TH09-11-0797. Epub 2010 Apr 13.

Prolonged effect of GlycoPEGylated rFVIIa (40k-PEG-rFVIIa) in rabbits correlates to activity in plasma.

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1
Haemostasis Pharmacology, Biopharmaceuticals Research Unit, Novo Nordisk A/S, Måløv, Denmark. pjoh@novonordisk.com

Abstract

The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of 40k-PEG-rFVIIa, a GlycoPEGylated derivative of recombinant wild-type FVIIa, were compared with rFVIIa in rabbits. The procoagulant effect was determined as the weight of the clot formed in a defined segment of a facial vein. A time course study was conducted where ligation was made 10 minutes, 12 or 24 hours after i.v. injection of equimolar doses of 40k-PEG-FVIIa or rFVIIa (2 mg/kg). This dose was selected based on a dose response study and a duration of effect study with rFVIIa. The clot weight increased with increasing doses of rFVIIa, and the duration of effect correlated with the plasma FVIIa clot activity. The plasma half-life of 40k-PEG-rFVIIa measured as FVIIa clot activity was found to be 25 hours, which was 5-6 times longer than rFVIIa. The aPTT and PT were reduced, and the measured increase in thrombin-antithrombin correlated to the effect on clot formation. Thus, the effect was similar at ligation 10 minutes after administration of 40k-PEG-rFVIIa or rFVIIa. At 12 hours, the effect of rFVIIa was absent while significant effect was seen 12 and 24 hours post dosing with 40k-PEG-rFVIIa. No consumption of platelets or fibrinogen was found and no thrombi formation was seen in histological examination of various organs. In conclusion, 40k-PEG-rFVIIa has shown prolonged duration of effect that correlated to various plasma markers and FVIIa clot activity. In perspective, the data support further clinical development of 40k-PEG-rFVIIa to potentially become a long-acting recombinant treatment option for prophylaxis in haemophilia patients with inhibitors.

PMID:
20390231
DOI:
10.1160/TH09-11-0797
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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