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Dalton Trans. 2010 May 7;39(17):4205-12. doi: 10.1039/b922101h. Epub 2010 Mar 24.

Non-classical anticancer agents: synthesis and biological evaluation of zinc(II) heteroleptic complexes.

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Centro di Eccellenza CEMIF.CAL-LASCAMM, CR-INSTM Unità della Calabria, Dipartimento di Chimica, Università della Calabria, Via P. Bucci Cubo 14C, Italy.


New heteroleptic complexes (1-8) containing Zn(II) ion coordinated to an N,N-chelating ligand (the 4,4'-dinonyl-2,2'-bipyridine, bpy-9) and to diketonates L such as tropoloids (Tropolone and Hinokitiol) or 1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-R-5-pyrazolones have been synthesized by using different stoichiometric ratio with respect to the L ancillary ligand. The molecular structure of the bis-tropolonate derivative [(bpy-9)Zn(L)(2)] 5 has been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The antitumour activity of all Zn(II) complexes was tested in vitro against three different human prostate cancer cells: DU145, LNCaP and PC-3. Moreover, their effect on cell survival signalling and/or inhibitors of the PC-3 cell cycle have been analyzed. The results indicate that 1-8 exhibit strong cytotoxic activity against all cell lines affecting key molecules such as p-AKT and p21 waf, involved in the cell proliferation and/or arrest. Zinc(II) is thus a promising alternative to Pt(II) ion in the design of new, better performing antitumour agents.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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