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Opt Express. 2010 Mar 29;18(7):6740-54. doi: 10.1364/OE.18.006740.

Resonance excitation and light concentration in sets of dielectric nanocylinders in front of a subwavelength aperture. Effects on extraordinary transmission.

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Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, C.S.I.C., Campus de Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain.


We study the excitation of whispering gallery modes (WGM) in dielectric nanocylinders by light transmitted through a subwavelength slit in a metallic slab. Calculations are done both by the finite elements method and using FDTD simulations. We discuss the effect of that excitation on extraordinary transmission by the slit. In this way, we show the dominant role of the WGMs over the aperture enhanced transmission as regards the resulting transmitted intensity and its concentration inside the cylinders. When sets of these particles are placed in front of the slit, like linear or bifurcated chains, with or without bends, the concentration of WGMs is controlled by designing the geometry parameters, so that these surface waves are coupled by both waveguiding of the nanocylinder eigenmodes and by scattered propagating waves. Also, the choice of the wavelength and polarization of the illumination, allows to select the excitation of either bonding or antibonding states of the field transmitted through the aperture into the particles. These resonances are further enhanced when a beam emerges from the slit due to adding a periodic corrugation in the slab.

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