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Opt Express. 2010 Mar 15;18(6):6040-7. doi: 10.1364/OE.18.006040.

Enhanced transmission of transverse electric waves through periodic arrays of structured subwavelength apertures.

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  • 1DTU Fotonik - Department of Photonics Engineering,Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.


Transmission through sub-wavelength apertures in perfect metals is expected to be strongly suppressed. However, by structural engineering of the apertures, we numerically demonstrate that the transmission of transverse electric waves through periodic arrays of subwavelength apertures in a thin metallic film can be significantly enhanced. Based on equivalent circuit theory analysis, periodic arrays of square structured subwavelength apertures are obtained with a 1900-fold transmission enhancement factor when the side length a of the apertures is 10 times smaller than the wavelength (a/lambda =0.1). By examining the induced surface currents and investigating the influence of the lattice constant and the incident angle to the resonant frequency, we show that the enhancement is due to the excitation of the strong localized resonant modes of the structured apertures.

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