Send to

Choose Destination
Opt Express. 2010 Feb 15;18(4):3967-72. doi: 10.1364/OE.18.003967.

Photoacoustic ophthalmoscopy for in vivo retinal imaging.

Author information

Department of Ophthalmology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA.


We have developed a non-invasive photoacoustic ophthalmoscopy (PAOM) for in vivo retinal imaging. PAOM detects the photoacoustic signal induced by pulsed laser light shined onto the retina. By using a stationary ultrasonic transducer in contact with the eyelids and scanning only the laser light across the retina, PAOM provides volumetric imaging of the retinal micro-vasculature and retinal pigment epithelium at a high speed. For B-scan frames containing 256 A-lines, the current PAOM has a frame rate of 93 Hz, which is comparable with state-of-the-art commercial spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). By integrating PAOM with SD-OCT, we further achieved OCT-guided PAOM, which can provide multi-modal retinal imaging simultaneously. The capabilities of this novel technology were demonstrated by imaging both the microanatomy and microvasculature of the rat retina in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Optical Society of America Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center