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Cancer Res. 2010 May 1;70(9):3647-56. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-09-3360. Epub 2010 Apr 13.

CUDC-101, a multitargeted inhibitor of histone deacetylase, epidermal growth factor receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, exerts potent anticancer activity.

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Curis, Inc, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.


Receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors have recently become important therapeutics for a variety of cancers. However, due to the heterogeneous and dynamic nature of tumors, the effectiveness of these agents is often hindered by poor response rates and acquired drug resistance. To overcome these limitations, we created a novel small molecule, CUDC-101, which simultaneously inhibits histone deacetylase and the receptor kinases epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) in cancer cells. Because of its integrated histone deacetylase inhibition, CUDC-101 synergistically blocked key regulators of EGFR/HER2 signaling pathways, also attenuating multiple compensatory pathways, such as AKT, HER3, and MET, which enable cancer cells to escape the effects of conventional EGFR/HER2 inhibitors. CUDC-101 displayed potent antiproliferative and proapoptotic activities against cultured and implanted tumor cells that are sensitive or resistant to several approved single-targeted drugs. Our results show that CUDC-101 has the potential to dramatically improve the treatment of heterogeneous and drug-resistant tumors that cannot be controlled with single-target agents. Further, they provide a framework to create individual small molecules that simultaneously antagonize multiple biochemically distinct oncogenic targets, suggesting a general paradigm to surpass conventional, single-target cancer therapeutics. Cancer Res; 70(9); 3647-56. (c)2010 AACR.

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