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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1991 Feb;27(4):365-81.

Adherence to bovine neutrophils and suppression of neutrophil chemiluminescence by Mycoplasma bovis.

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  • 1Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison 53706.


The adherence of viable and heat-treated Mycoplasma bovis to bovine peripheral blood neutrophils was studied by specific immunofluorescence staining and flow cytometry. Viable and heat-treated M. bovis cells, adhered to bovine neutrophils in dose-dependent fashion within a 30 min incubation. Fluorescence quenching using crystal violet indicated that unopsonized M. bovis cells remained on the surface of bovine neutrophils without experiencing significant ingestion. The effect of M. bovis adherence on neutrophil microbicidal function was examined by measuring luminol enhanced chemiluminescence (CL). Adherent M. bovis cells did not elicit a bovine neutrophil CL response over a 75 min incubation period. M. bovis inhibited the capacity of bovine neutrophils to mount a CL response. Inhibition occurred whether viable or heat-treated M. bovis cells were used and it occurred when neutrophils were stimulated with opsonized zymosan (OZ) or phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). Inhibition of the PMA stimulated neutrophil CL response required cytadherence by M. bovis cells. These findings suggest that activation of the bovine neutrophil respiratory burst was inhibited at or distal in the pathway to the activation of protein kinase C (PKC), the site of PMA stimulation, and that it was mediated by a direct interaction between the adhering M. bovis cells and the bovine neutrophil membrane.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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