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Histologic evidence of a connective tissue attachment to laser microgrooved abutments: a canine study.

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Department of Oral Medicine, Infection and Immunity, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, and Department of Plastic and Oral Surgery, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


Previous research has demonstrated the effectiveness of laser-ablated microgrooves placed on implant collars to support direct connective tissue attachments to altered implant surfaces. Such a direct connective tissue attachment serves as a physiologic barrier to the apical migration of the junctional epithelium and prevents crestal bone resorption. The current prospective preclinical trial sought to evaluate bone and soft tissue healing patterns when laser-ablated microgrooves were placed on the abutment. A canine model was selected for comparison to previous investigations that examined the negative bone and soft tissue sequelae of the implant-abutment microgap. The results demonstrate significant improvement in peri-implant hard and soft tissue healing compared to traditional machined abutment surfaces.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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