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Pediatr Res. 2010 Jul;68(1):16-22. doi: 10.1203/00006450-201011001-00026.

The effects of low protein during gestation on mouse pancreatic development and beta cell regeneration.

Author information

1
Lawson Health Research Institute, St. Joseph's Health Care, London, Ontario N6A 4V2, Canada. arcox@uwo.ca

Abstract

Beta cells are partially replaced in neonatal rodents after deletion with streptozotocin (STZ). Exposure of pregnant rats to a low protein (LP) diet impairs endocrine pancreas development in the offspring, leading to glucose intolerance in adulthood. Our objective was to determine whether protein restriction has a similar effect on the offspring in mice, and if this alters the capacity for beta cell regeneration after STZ. Pregnant Balb/c mice were fed a control (C) (20% protein) or an isocaloric LP (8% protein) diet during gestation. Pups were given 35 mg/kg STZ (or vehicle) from d 1 to 5 for each dietary treatment. Histologic analysis showed that C-fed offspring had largely replaced beta cell mass (BCM) after STZ by d 30, but this was not sustained over time. Female LP-fed offspring showed an initial increase in BCM by d 14 but developed glucose intolerance by d 130. In contrast, male LP offspring showed no changes in BCM or glucose tolerance. However, LP exposure limited the capacity for recovery of BCM in both genders after STZ treatment.

PMID:
20386490
DOI:
10.1203/PDR.0b013e3181e17c90
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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