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Antivir Ther. 2010;15(2):219-25. doi: 10.3851/IMP1519.

Treatment simplification to once daily darunavir/ritonavir guided by the darunavir inhibitory quotient in heavily pretreated HIV-infected patients.

Author information

1
Lluita contra Sida Foundation, HIV Unit, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Spain. jmolto@flsida.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We explored a treatment simplification strategy to darunavir/ritonavir 900/100 mg once daily guided by the darunavir virtual inhibitory quotient (vIQ) in patients receiving salvage therapy with darunavir/ritonavir 600/100 mg twice daily.

METHODS:

Open-label, randomized pilot study in HIV-infected patients on darunavir/ritonavir 600/100 mg twice daily (viral load <50 copies/ml; darunavir vIQ >2). Thirty patients were randomized to darunavir/ritonavir 900/100 mg once daily (once-daily group, n=15) or 600/100 mg twice daily (twice-daily group, n=15). Viral load, blood chemistry, and darunavir and ritonavir trough plasma concentrations (C(trough)) were determined up to 48 weeks. If the darunavir vIQ fell to <1.5, the dosage was switched to 600/100 mg twice daily. The primary end point was the percentage of 48-week treatment failure.

RESULTS:

Patients had taken a mean 11.6 (sd +/-3.9) antiretroviral regimens before darunavir/ritonavir administration. The proportion of patients without 48-week treatment failure was 86.7% in both groups. The median (interquartile range [IQR]) darunavir C(trough) decreased from 3.09 mg/l (IQR 2.43-3.93) at baseline to 1.60 mg/l (IQR 1.25-2.04) at week 48 (P=0.001) in the once-daily group. Three once-daily group patients switched to darunavir/ritonavir 600/100 mg twice daily. Fewer patients had triglyceride levels >200 mg/dl at week 48 in the once-daily group (20.0%) than in the twice-daily group (20.0% versus 57.1%; P=0.046).

CONCLUSIONS:

Treatment simplification to darunavir/-ritonavir 900/100 mg once daily guided by the darunavir vIQ in treatment-experienced HIV-infected patients receiving darunavir/ritonavir 600/100 mg twice-daily seems to be safe enough to be tested in adequately powered clinical trials.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00611039.

PMID:
20386077
DOI:
10.3851/IMP1519
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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