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Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2010 May;40(5):415-24. doi: 10.1016/j.ibmb.2010.04.001. Epub 2010 Apr 10.

Cloning and characterization of acetylcholinesterase 1 genes from insecticide-resistant field populations of Liposcelis paeta Pearman (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae).

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Key Laboratory of Entomology and Pest Control Engineering, College of Plant Protection, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, PR China.


The psocid, Liposcelis paeta Pearman, is an increasingly important polyphagous pest of stored products worldwide. Intensive use of organophosphorous insecticides for pest control has facilitated resistance development in psocids in China. Three insecticide-resistant field populations of L. paeta were collected from Nanyang city of Henan Province (NY), and Wuzhou (WZ) and Hezhou (HZ) cities of Guangxi Province, China. Previous studies have shown that psocids have different susceptibilities to insecticides. In addition, their AChE susceptibilities to paraoxon-ethyl and demeton-S-methyl also differed from each other. Acetylcholinesterase 1, which is one of the major targets for organophosphate insecticides, has been fully cloned and sequenced from these populations of L. paeta. Comparison of both nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences revealed nucleotide polymorphisms among L. paeta ace 1 genes from different populations, but none of these polymorphisms correspond to the active sites in AChE 1 from other insects. The results of comparative quantitative real-time PCR indicated that the relative expression level of HZ ace 1 gene was the highest among three populations, which was 1.20 and 1.02-fold higher than those of NY and WZ populations, respectively. This may due to an epigenetic inheritance phenomenon, which allows organisms to respond to a particular environment through changes in gene expression.

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