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Exp Clin Psychopharmacol. 2010 Apr;18(2):129-34. doi: 10.1037/a0019022.

Marijuana use and panic psychopathology among a representative sample of adults.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Vermont, 2 Colchester Avenue, John Dewey Hall, Burlington, VT 05405-0134, USA. Michael.zvolensky@uvm.edu

Abstract

This study examined the relations between marijuana use and panic attacks and panic disorder using a large representative survey of adults (N = 5,672; 53% women; M(age) = 45.05 years, SD = 17.9) conducted in the United States (Kessler et al., 2004). After adjusting for sociodemographic variables (age, marital status, income, education, race, and sex) and the presence of a lifetime substance use disorder, lifetime marijuana use was significantly associated with increased odds of a lifetime panic attack history. Lifetime marijuana use also was significantly associated with an increased risk of current (past-year) panic attacks; however, this relation was not significant when controlling for nicotine dependence. Lifetime marijuana use was significantly associated with increased odds of a lifetime diagnosis of panic disorder as well as a current (past-year) diagnosis of panic disorder. Current (past-year) marijuana use was significantly associated with both lifetime and current panic attacks, but not current or lifetime panic disorder. Results are discussed in relation to the novel information they offer in regard to understanding the putative marijuana use-panic psychopathology association(s).

PMID:
20384424
PMCID:
PMC2917792
DOI:
10.1037/a0019022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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