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Clin Rheumatol. 2010 Jul;29(7):781-8. doi: 10.1007/s10067-010-1431-5. Epub 2010 Apr 10.

Psychometric evaluation of the Moroccan version of the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI) and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) for use in patients with ankylosing spondylitis.

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Department of Rheumatology, El Ayachi hospital, University Hospital, 11000, Sale, Morocco.


The objectives of this study are to translate, adapt in the Moroccan cultural context, and validate in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI) and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI). The cross-cultural adaptation of the BASFI and BASDAI was obtained in accordance with the guidelines for translation of the health status measures. Eighty-five patients with AS were included in the study. The test-retest reliability and the internal consistency were analyzed, and both questionnaires were assessed for external construct validity. Structural validity was analyzed with correlation matrix. Twenty-four-hour test-retest reliability was good: BASFI intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) = 0.96 (confidence interval (CI) at 95%, 0.93-0.97), BASDAI ICC = 0.93 (CI at 95%, 0.90-0.95). Cronbach's alpha was 0.90 for the BASFI and 0.86 for BASDAI. The construct validity of the instruments was evaluated. The BASFI showed a strong validity when correlating its results with Schober's test (r = -0.56), occipital wall distance (r = 0.46), chest expansion (r = -0.46), BASDAI (r = 0.54), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (r = 0.70), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Global Score (BAS-G; r = 0.58), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Radiology Index (r = 0.61), and the radiological changes in sacroiliac joints (r = 0.54). A good correlation was observed between the BASDAI and the spinal pain (r = 0.53), the number of nocturnal awakenings (r = 0.57), the morning stiffness (r = 0.65), the enthesic index (r = 0.47), the BAS-G (r = 0.53), the BASFI (r = 0.54), and the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (r = 0.41; for all p < 0.001). The correlation matrix showed an intermediate correlation between items. The Moroccan version of the BASFI and the BASDAI showed adequate reliability and validity. These instruments can be used in the clinical evaluation of Moroccan and Arabic-speaking patients with AS.

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