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Clin Oral Investig. 2011 Aug;15(4):495-502. doi: 10.1007/s00784-010-0407-9. Epub 2010 Apr 10.

Immediate versus conventional loading of palatal implants in humans: a first report of a multicenter RCT.

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Department of Orthodontics, University Medical Center Mainz, Mainz, Germany.


This study aims to analyze the clinical performance of two loading concepts on second-generation palatal implants (Orthosystem, Straumann, Basel, Switzerland) in a prospective multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial. At the time of this interim analysis, 41 patients have been randomized on a 1:1 basis to one of two treatment groups. Group 1 underwent conventional loading of palatal implants after a healing period of 12 weeks (gold standard) while group 2 underwent immediate implant loading within 1 week after implant insertion. We report initial results at 6 months after functional loading. The primary outcome parameter was implant success (no implant mobility, no implant loss). The implants in both groups were initially stable at the time of insertion, and all were eligible for randomization. Twenty-two patients (group 1) were subjected to conventional implant loading after 12 weeks while 19 patients (group 2) received immediate functional loading within the first week after insertion. Direct (e.g. distal jet appliances) as well as indirect forms of anchorage (conventional or modified transpalatal arch) were used. The magnitude of orthodontic forces ranged between 1 and 4 N for the immediate loading group and between 1 and 5 N for the conventional loading group. One implant in group 1 was lost during the healing phase. One dropout was registered in group 2. Thirty-nine implants were functionally loaded for over 6 months now. These preliminary data provide first evidence of the fact that immediate loading of palatal implants yields equivalent success rates as conventional loading to 4 N after 6 months.

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