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Mol Gen Genet. 1991 May;226(3):432-40.

Expression of a dominant negative allele of cdc2 prevents activation of the endogenous p34cdc2 kinase.

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ICRF Cell Cycle Group, Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, UK.


The cdc2 gene of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe encodes a 34 kDa phosphoprotein with serine/threonine protein kinase activity that acts as the key component in regulation of the eukaryotic cell cycle. We used a repressible promoter fused to the cdc2 cDNA to isolate conditionally dominant negative mutants of cdc2. One of these mutants, DL5, is described in this paper. Overexpression of the mutant protein in a wild-type cdc2 background is lethal and confers cell cycle arrest with a typical cdc- phenotype. Sequencing of the mutant cdc2 gene revealed a single amino acid substitution in a region highly conserved in cdc2-like proteins. The mutant protein exhibits no protein kinase activity, but is able to bind a component(s) required for an active protein kinase complex and thereby prevents binding of this component(s) to the co-existing wild-type cdc2 protein. We also demonstrate that S. pombe p34cdc2 contains no phosphoserine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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