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Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2010 Jun;13(3):299-304. doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2010.03.002. Epub 2010 Apr 8.

Regulation of plant biomass production.

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Graduate School of Biological Sciences, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916-5 Takayama-cho, Ikoma, Nara 630-0192, Japan.


Plant biomass used for cellulosic biofuel production is primarily from vegetative tissues. Therefore, an increase in the vegetative growth of plants will lead to a higher production of plant biomass. Recent molecular and genetic studies have identified a number of factors that regulate processes such as vegetative meristem activities, cell elongation, photosynthetic efficiency, and secondary wall biosynthesis, all of which are crucial for plant biomass production. The regulators of these processes could potentially be applied to improve the yield of biomass crops such as Miscanthus, switchgrass, and hybrid poplar in the near future.

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