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Eur J Pharmacol. 2010 Jul 10;637(1-3):178-85. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2010.03.040. Epub 2010 Apr 7.

Novel selective antagonist of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor, MJ15, with prominent anti-obesity effect in rodent models.

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Beijing Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Beijing, China.


MJ15, a novel cannabinoid CB(1) receptor selective antagonist was discovered. In receptor binding assays, MJ15 displayed a high affinity for rat cannabinoid CB(1) receptor (K(i)=27.2 pM, and IC(50)=118.9 pM), but a much lower affinity for rat cannabinoid CB(2) receptor (only 46% inhibition at 10 microM). At the cellular level, the IC(50) values against activation of cannabinoid CB(1) and CB(2) receptors induced by Win55212-2 in specially designed EGFP-CB(1)_U2OS and EGFP-CB(2)_U2OS cells were 0.11 microM and >10 microM, respectively. In addition, MJ15 dose-dependently blocked Win55212-2 mediated increase of intracellular Ca(2+) levels in hippocampal cells and reversed the inhibitory effects of cannabinoid CB(1) receptor agonist on forskolin-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity in CHO cells expressing the human cannabinoid CB(1) receptor. In animal experiments, MJ15 demonstrated remarkable effects from 20 to 40 mg/kg, including promoted the small intestine peristalsis in ICR mice and inhibited food intake and body weight increase in diet-induced obesity (DIO) rat and mouse. 40 mg/kg MJ15 significantly reduced food intake at initial 2 weeks of treatment, prevented the increase of body weight and adipose by 46% and 28% respectively in DIO rats, and reduced body weight and adipose gain by 70% and 23% respectively in early onset obesity DIO mice after 4 weeks treatment. Meanwhile, dyslipidemia were ameliorated in both models. Taken together the in vitro and in vivo data, MJ15 is demonstrated to be a potent and selective cannabinoid CB(1) receptor antagonist and holds a prominent potency in obesity and dyslipidemia treatment.

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