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Int J Cell Cloning. 1991 Mar;9(2):155-65.

The density of clonogenic cells in human solid tumors.

Author information

1
Baker Sanger, Inc., Houston, Texas 77054.

Abstract

Considering that tumors are maintained by clonogenic cells, and that the primary target in the therapy of cancer is the clonogenic cell, the density of clonogens in a tumor could become an important parameter in quantitating the response to therapy. Indirect methods for determining the density of clonogenic cells in human tumors based on the response of tumors to radiation suggest there are circa 1 X 10(5) clonogens per gram with a large range. Direct methods, based on the measurement of cloning efficiency of enzymatically disaggregated biopsies of human tumors in soft agar, suggest a clonogen density of approximately 1,500 clonogens per gram. As this value is inconsistent with the prior data, we chose to determine the density of clonogenic cells in human tumors by assaying the enzyme digest of biopsies of human tumors for clonogenic cells using an enriched monolayer clonogenic assay. We determined the average clonogen density to be 1.12 x 10(5) clonogens per gram with a large range. The agreement with the indirect method suggests that the enriched monolayer clonogenic assay supports the proliferation of the cell population responsible for maintaining the tumor.

PMID:
2037812
DOI:
10.1002/stem.5530090206
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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